Introduction Making of a computer suite Day1
Welcome to the “Swecha” 15 Day Industrial training camp.Let us start Learning,Sharing with each other.First thing that you will be doing in the camp is to follow the instructions:-)
How to follow the instructions
Normal text looks like this.This text describes the step and instructs you of what to do.
[This text is the instructions which you have to perform]
Step1:This system has Debain GNU/Linux OS.Once you start the system you will be greeted with a blue screen that has 3 entries in it. Note:if you don't select and wait for 5 sec the system will boot into the default option which is our Debain OS.
[select the first entry and press enter using arrow keys]
Step2: Once the system boots up you will see a prompt asking for login.
[Type the root and press enter]
Now it will ask for password,
[the password is 'password' with out quotes,type the password and press enter.]
You will not see the * or anything else while you are typing the password.This is the security feature which is build in the system.
Once you are done with the above steps correctly you will see a command prompt similar to this one. root@sys3umllab~# root is the username,sys3umllab is the system name and ~ indicates that you are in users current directory.'#' tells you whether you are acting as superuser or normal user.For normal user's the prompt will change to '$'.
Step3: Now we will add source from were all the required packages will be fetched.At the prompt give the following commands.
This will open the file source.list and in this file put a # in front of all the lines. Note: if you see a # at the starting of a line then skip that line and proceed to the next line.
[with the help of arrow keys move the cursor to the starting of the line and press SHIFT+3]
you can find the SHIFT key on the left side of the keyboard above CTRL key.You have to perform the the above task by keeping pressed the shift key and then pressing the number 3 key. Follow the above step and see that all the lines have # in front of them. Now we will add the line that will tell the system about were to get the packages from.
[type this line in the last empty line] [deb http://------------:3142/ftp.iitm.ac.in/debian testing main contrib non-free]
the dashes have to be filled with an ip address which will look like this 172.16.3.1. A complete line will look like this for our example. deb http://172.16.3.1:3142/ftp.iitm.ac.in/debian testing main contrib non-free
Ask for the ip from the lab volunteer.
Step 4: After you have entered the line correctly
[press CTRL+o (this is a o as in owl and not the number 0)] press enter [now press CTRL+x]
Now you will see the prompt again
Step 5: Type the following command to update the package list
[apt-get update] press enter
wait for the command prompt to reappear.
Step 6: Type the following command to install packages required for getting a full graphical environment in short it is call as GUI(Graphical User Interface)
[type the command tasksel] press enter
you will see a list of software that you can select for installation.
[select the first entry “Graphical desktop environment” by moving the cursor using arrow keys and press space]
pressing space will give a * in the box and pressing space again will remove the *. Make sure that * is put in the box for “Graphical desktop environment”.
[press the TAB key which is two key's above SHIFT key] press enter
[press enter and the system will ask for password type the password as 'password' with out quotes] press enter Now the system will start fetching the packages and installing them for you to get a GUI. Wait till you see the prompt again (this will take 15 to 30 minutes).
Step 7: Once all the packages are installed correctly you will see the prompt. To login to the graphical environment you have to restart the system.
[type init 6] press enter
Step 8: follow step 1 to start the system.
Step 9: After booting the system you will see a login prompt which will show the user.
[press enter and the system will ask for password type the password as 'password' with out quotes] press enter
Now you will see the GNOME desktop environment.
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